There are various factors like age, trauma, postures, genetics, metabolic, obesity etc., that influence the health of the spine. These factors cause biomechanical change, inflammation and adipokines. This further leads to dehydration of disc, proteoglycan loss, catabolic/ anabolic change.
The disc is a soft tissue with two parts: annulus and nucleus pulposis. Very similar to the ‘centre fresh’ chewing gum, the outer layer annulus is bit harder and the centre part nucleus is a gel structure. 86% of the disc consist of water, nutritions and minerals. The early changes in disc shall be classified/ termed as degenerative disc disorder. During this stage the disc is dehydrated (loss of water) which results in the disc becoming harder and vulnerable to wear & tear.
When the disc is dehydrated, the annulus starts getting damaged during stress which causes the nucleus to crack through the damaged annulus and out of its original vertebrate structure. This protruded nucleus eventually leads to slip disc which causes pressure on the nerve root resulting in tremendous pain. This condition is known as herniated disc or HNP. This is the advanced stage of disc degeneration. In some cases, both annulus and nucleus, both slips from its position and pinch the nerves.
Wrong postures result in malalignment of spine. Damaged, stiff, weak paraspinal muscles results in imbalance. This imbalance affects the stability of the spine and increased pressure on the disc. This factor also leads to dehydration and damage of disc.
DEGENERATED DISC: Degenerated disc disease is an age related condition where the disc deteriotes or breaks down, leading to pain. There may be weakness, numbness, and pain that radiates down the leg. Degeneration leads to slip disc or bulging disc. Dehydration and wear and tear are the root cause. Muscle strengthening, postural corrections, rehydrating the disc and restoring the nutritional health of the disc are our solution.
HERNIATED DISC: Herniated condition is a common condition that can be painful and debilitating. Herniated disc is also known as a bulged, slipped, prolapsed or ruptured disc where the annulus fibrosis is ruptured and a portion nucleus migrates / protrude out of its structure. This causes pressure in the nerve roots resulting in inflammation, irritation, numbness and pain. Dehydration and wear & tear are the root cause. Uneven stress on disc, Dehydration, wear & tear of disc, decrease in proteoglycan & hydrostatic property, loss of disc height etc., are the root cause. Strengthening of core muscles, postural correction, decompression and rehydration are our solution.
FACET SYNDROME: Facets are the posterior joints of the spine that helps in keeping the vertebra aligned. Facet syndrome can be due to injury or degeneration of the disc and it is characterized by pain, stiffness and inflammation. The pain generally increases with motion and is relieved by rest. Rehydrating of disc, postural correction, relaxing and strengthening the muscle structure are our solution.
SCIATICA: Sciatica is often associated with herniated or ruptured disc. Sciatica refers to the back pain caused by a problem with the sciatic nerve. This is a large nerve that runs from the lower back down the back of each leg . When injuries happen or puts pressure on the sciatic nerve, it can cause pain in the lower back that spreads to the hip, buttocks, and leg. Tingling and numbness are the common symptoms. Sciatica may happen suddenly or gradually. The pain and symptoms can be intensified by coughing, sneezing or sitting in the same position for a long time. The pain intensity may be severe if the problem is not treated. Like herniated discs, strengthening of core muscles, rehydrating and restoring the disc health, mobilization, postural correction are our solutions.